• Participation of several people from the Department in the on-line conferences: ORFEUS / EPOS SP / AdriaArray WORKSHOP 2020

      The following presentations were presented:
      • Wojciech Czuba & the Team, PACASE - passive seismic experiment in Poland
      • Tomasz Janik & the Team, Huge seismic lithospheric experiments in the Central and Eastern Europe from the East European Craton to the Eastern Alps, since 1987
    • Participation in the conference AlpArray & SPP 4D-MB Scientific Meeting 2020 (on-line).
    • Purchase of 100 field 3-component short-term devices (DATA-CUBE).

  • Obtaining the NCN grant from the Opus 18 competition "Passive Seismic Studies of the Lithosphere and Asthenosphere of the Southern Poland (Carpathian area)" - financing from June 2020, OPUS-18 application submitted in December 2019. Grant IGF PAN and UŚ. Agreement UMO-2019/35/B/ST10/01628. More information about the project can be found here.

  • Participation in the SEISMIX 2020 conference in Perth (Australia).

    A poster was presented:
    • W. Czuba, R. Mjelde, Y. Murai, T. JanikOcean Bottom Seismic Survey in the Knipovich Ridge area.
  • NOVEMBER 2019 - MARCH 2020
    • Completion of measurements in the AniMaLS project (Sudetes 2016-2020) and deployment of 30 broadband seismic equipment in the period (November 2019 - March 2020) in the southern Poland (Carpathians), in cooperation with the University of Warsaw and the University of Silesia, in a large international project for Central Europe (PACASE). More information about the project can be found (in Polish) here.


    • Scientific cruise as part of the KNIPSEIS project. Cruise on the Norwegian G.O. Sars Research Vessel was held from July 23, 2019 to August 6, 2019 as part of a project financed by the NCN Opus 13 grant and by the University of Bergen. The participants of the IG PAS were: Wojciech Czuba, Dariusz Wójcik, Jarosław Grzyb, Julia Rewers, Weronika Materkowska and Szymon Oryński.

      The purpose of the expedition was to conduct a profile of deep refractive seismic surveys in the mid-oceanic Knipovich Ridge. Activities in the Northern Atlantic, using air guns as a seismic source and OBS (Ocean Bottom Seismometer) recording seismic waves, were carried out in Polish-Norwegian-Japanese cooperation.


  • December
    • Working meeting in Kiev with colleagues from the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 03-05.12.2018. Discussion on joint projects of deep seismic soundings RomUkrSeis and TTZ-South. Discussion of the preparation of an article from the RomUkrSeis 2014 project.
  • October
    • On October 23-26, a working meeting in Warsaw with our co-workers from Ukraine took place.During the meeting, the RomUkrSeis and TTZ-South projects were discussed.
    • mgr Julia Rewers was accepted for doctoral studies at our Department.
    • On September 7-14, the scientists of the Department of Lithospheric Research took part in field work along the deep seismic sounding profile "TTZ-South". The experiment was conducted in cooperation with colleagues from the Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The beginning of the profile was located ~ 26 km west of Radom, then the profile ran to the border with Ukraine, through the eastern periphery of Lviv to the Ukrainian-Moldovan border. The total length of the profile is ~ 550 km, of which ~ 230 km were on the Polish side and 320 km on Western Ukraine. About 320 short-period seismic devices were placed along the profile. On the Polish side 146 (86 Reftek 125 - Texan and 60 DATA-CUBE) and on the Ukrainian side, 175 (150 DATA-CUBE and 25 Reftek 125A - Texan). DATA-CUBE stations placed on the Ukrainian side came from the GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) equipment pool in Potsdam. There were also 11 strong seismic energy sources on the profile at regular intervals. Subcontractors responsible for the implementation of seismic sources were oil exploration companies Geofizyka Toruń S.A. (in Poland) and State Geophysical Enterprise "Ukrgeofizika" (in Ukraine).

      Interpretation of registered seismic sections will allow a better understanding of the geodynamic processes that took place in this region of Central Europe. Works on the Polish side were carried out as part of the HARMONIA 8 grant no. NCN 2016/22/M/ST10/00347 granted to the Institute of Geophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences by the National Science Center. More information about the project can be found here.

  • JUNE
    • On June 17 - 22 our team participated in the 18th International SEISMIX Symposium in Krakow.

      • RomUkrSeis Working_Group: T. Amashukeli, W. Czuba, A. Dragut, D. Gryn, T. Janik, K. Kolomiyets, O. Legostaeva, D. Lysynchuk, J. Mechie, V. Mocanu, J. Okoń, V. Omelchenko, T. Skrzynik, V. Starostenko, R. Stephenson, P. Środa & T. Yegorova.
        RomUkrSeis: the deep structure of the TESZ where it is obscured by the Eastern Carpathians (oral i poster).
      • P. Środa, M. Dec & Working Group: M. Grad, J. Grzyb, T. Janik, M. Polkowski, T. Skrzynik, M. Wilde- -Piórko, D. Wójcik
        Passive seismic experiment in Sudetes, SW Poland (poster).
      • V. Schlindwein, F. Krüger, F. Schmid, W. Czuba & T. Janik
        KNIPAS – exploring active seafloor spreading processes at segment-scale (poster).
      • D. Wójcik, W. Czuba, T. Janik, V. Schlindwein, F. Schmid
        Preliminary results of the Logachev Seamount seismic modeling (oral).
      • S. Buntin, A. Malehmir, M. Malinowski, H. Thybo, D. Wójcik, T. Janik, A. Shulgin, K. Högdahl, I. Artemieva, C. Juhlin, S. Buske & M. Stephens
        BASIC: A high-density crustal-scale refraction seismic profile across the Bergslagen ore district, Sweden (oral).

  • January
    • On 22-31.01.2018 in Istanbul took place the 1st International Elite PhD Course "Deep Earth Processes and its Surface Expression" organized by the ITU Eurasia School of Solid Earth Geosciences. Two employees of our department took part in the course. The event was an excellent opportunity to supplement knowledge and benefit from the rich experience of lecturers prof. Peter Molnar (University of Colorado at Boulder, USA) and prof. Antony Watts (Oxford University, UK). Meetings with other participants of the course were an opportunity to establish cooperation with leading research centers. The course was completed with a field trip, which, apart from learning the history of the geological structure of western Turkey, allowed for a better understanding of the deep geological processes and their effects manifesting in the relief of the terrain among others the influence of the North Anatolian Fault..

  • On 9-11.01.2018, a working meeting was held in Warsaw as a part of the KNIPAS project, in which participated a representative of the Alfred Wegener Institute. As part of the meeting, the data registered in OBS type stations in the area of ​​Knipowicz Ridge (Svalbard) have been exchanged. Arrangements considering the division of work on the interpretation of the data and a schedule for further cooperation were established.


  • December
    • Organization of working meeting in Warsaw as part of the international project of deep seismic soundings RomUkrSeis (6-7.12.2017).
    • As part of the NCN grant "Determination of Seismic Anisotropy in Lower Silesia" in October - December, the staff of the Department of Lithospheric Research deployed 21 highly-sensitive seismic stations in the region of Dolny-Śląsk and Sudety Mountains for a period of about 1.5 years. Recorded data from local, regional and distant (teleseismic) earthquakes will be used to determine the parameters characterizing anisotropy within the crust and upper mantle of the Earth. The results of modeling will allow to determine the structure and deformation of rocks building anisotropic layers.

      We would like to thank the people and institutions that allowed us to place the equipment.

    • Organization of working meeting in Warsaw as part of international projects of deep seismic surveys. Workshops GEORIFT 2013 and TTZ-South (13-16.11.2017).
    • On 06-07/11/2017 in Paris took place the 2017 European OBS Technical Workshop organized by EPOS and Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris. During the meeting, the representative of the Institute of Geophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences delivered a presentation on the state and use of ocean bottom seismometers at the Department of Lithospheric Research. This event was used to exchange experiences gathered during maritime work and was an excellent opportunity to establish cooperation not only strictly scientific-research but also developmental. Additionally, the issues of open access to data and their processing in the Orfeus system were raised.
    • Working meeting in Kiev (projects GEORIFT 2013, RomUkrSeis and preparations for TTZ-South).
  • JULY
    • As part of the KNIPAS project from 6 to 7 July 2017, a team from the Department of Lithospheric Research from a deck of the Oceania ship proceed an ascent of the OBS Guralp broadband stations which were deployed at the bottom of Greenland Sea, west of Svalbard (depth up to 3km) in September 2016. Data from recorded seismic shocks from a period of 288 days will allow investigation of the structure and processes taking place in the Knipowitch ridge.

  • May
    • At the invitation of the University of Uppsala on 23.05-06.06, the staff of the Department of Lithospheric Research participated in seismic refraction fieldwork in Sweden. The experiment was conducted in cooperation with the Universities of Copenhagen, Oslo and GFZ Potsdam. Along the "BASIC" profile of ~ 560 km there were about 600 field seismic stations, including 158 Polish (short-period: 88 Reftek 125-Texan and 60 DATA-CUBE and 10 CMG-6T Guralp broadband). Seismic energy was provided by 7 blasting points containing 360 to 500 kg TNT/dynamite loads, which were detonated in nearby quarries. The registered energy from these shots allows for the the possibility of interpreting the structure of the crust and upper mantle of the Earth in central-eastern Sweden and separating the border between the Bergslagen and Ljusdal crustal blocks. The work was carried out under the grant no. 2015-05177 awarded to the University of Uppsala by the Swedish Research Council.


    • On march 28th based on the Director of IGF PAS decision the Department of Geophysical Imagining under the direction of Michał Malinowski was extracted from the Department of Lithospheric Research. We wish you many successes in the new structure!
    • Dariusz Wójcik was employed as a Research Assistant in the Departament


  • December
    • Working meetings in Kiev (projects GEORIFT 2013 & RomUkrSeis) and Bucharest (RomUkrSeis & VRANCEA 2001).
      • Our Department has been included in the Smarth Growth Operational Programme (EPOS Project for European Plate Observation System). Our task will be to collect data from seismic experiments (since the 1970s) and then to develop, standardize and integrate them in the form of databases with metadata.

    • Participation in the 2016 AGU Fall Meeting - American Geophysical Union (San Francisco).
      • Andrzej Górszczyk gave an oral presentation
        A. Górszczyk, M. Malinowski, S. Operto
        Strategy for Crustal-scale Velocity Model Building of a complex subduction system from the OBS data by Full Waveform Inversion.

  • November
    • IGF Working Meetings with collaborators from Ukraine, Romania, the United Kingdom and Germany - RomUkrSeis and GEORIFT 2013.

    • As part of the training co-financed by KNOW (National Scientific Leadership Center), the Department of Lithospheric Research team performed on 20 September 2016 near the Polish Hornsund Polar Station in Spitsbergen a seismic survey of permafrost along a profile of about 200 m total length using 12 short-period DATA CUBE seismic field stations and 6 source points (hammer 6 kg).

    • As part of the KNIPAS project in collaboration with AWI Bremerhaven, on 22-23 September 2016, the team deployed on the bottom of the Greenland Sea (depths of up to 3 km) five OBS Guralp Broadband Stations. The project is aimed at investigating the structure and processes of the Knipovich ridge. These stations, along with similar German devices, will record seismic shocks for approximately 10 months.


    • Participation in Baltic 2016 – The 13th Colloquium on Baltic Sea Marine Geology:
      • Tomasz Janik gave a poster presentation presenting research on the Baltic Sea, conducted by our Department over the years:
        T. Janik, M. Dec, T. Skrzynik
        Deep seismic investigations in the Baltic Sea region – short review and recent investigations

  • August
    • On 8-12 August 2016 at the Central Geophysical Observatory in Belsk, field registration tests of five types of measuring devices (CMG-6T Guralp, DataCube, Texan RefTek 125, STS-2 and GeoSIG) were conducted. The purpose of the study was to develop a mathematical tool that would enable rapid conversion of the signal between seismic stations of the same type. Additionally a reflection seismic survey was carried out on a profile of about 300m length. The collected data will be used for further investigation at the Department.
      The study is a part of a project titled: "Comparative analysis of seismic stations characteristics." Conducted as part of the internal competition for young scientists at the IGF PAS by Monika Dec, PhD. Two of her interns from AGH University of Science and Technology participated in the project.


  • July
    • The team from our Department, planned for the Polar Expedition (W. Czuba, J. Grzyb, J. Okoń T. Skrzynik) passed a training in Gdynia comprising among others first aid principles using the tools available at Polish Hornsund Polar Station and HSE policy. The most important element of the training was to familiarize with the handling of firearms supplied by the Polish Hornsund Polar Station to ensure safety during field trials in the event of a polar bear encounter. This training, in consultation with the Governor of Svalbard, allows the use of firearms in accordance with local regulations. In addition, we have undergone naval training with a pontoon, rescue overalls, rescue pyrotechnics, and practiced landing on the beach.
  • June
    • On 8-11 June, another Polar Symposium was held, this time in Lublin. We had two presentations (+ two posters with the same title):
      • W. Czuba
        Three dimensional seismic tomographic modeling in the area of North West Spitsbergen.
      • J.Okoń, J.Giżejewski, T.Janik
        Interpretation of multichannel 2D seismic profiles from the first seismic expedition to the South Shetland Islands, Western Antarctica.

  • May

    • We participated in 17th International Seismix Symposium, Aviemore, Great Britain
      • Andrzej Górszczyk gave an oral presentation:
        • A. Górszczyk, M. Malinowski, S. Operto
          Crustal-scale imaging of a complex subduction system from dense OBS data by Full Waveform Inversion
      • Tomasz Janik gave a poster presentation:
        • V. Starostenko, T. Janik, T. Yegorova, W. Czuba, P. Środa, D. Lysunchuk, R. Aizberg, R. Garetsky, G. Karataev, Y. Gribik, L. Farfuliak, K. Kolomiyets, V. Omelchenko, D. Gryn, A. Guterch, K. Komminaho, O. Legostaeva, H. Thybo, T. Tiira & A. Tolkunov
          The GEORIFT 2013 wide-angle seismic profile, preliminary results
        • RomUkrSeis Working Group (m. in. z naszego Zakładu: Czuba W., Grzyb J., Janik T., Okoń J., Środa P., Trzeciak M.)
          The RomUkrSeis wide-angle seismic profile: preliminary results.
      • Mariusz Majdański gave an oral
        • M. Majdański, M. Trzeciak, E. Gaczyński & A. Maksym
          Depth migration uncertainty based on seismic velocity estimation from wide-angle

        • an poster presentations:
        • M. Majdański
          Uncertainty in layered models based on seismic travel times
      • Michał Malinowski gave an oral presentation:
        • M. Malinowski & A. Goncharov
          Using OBS data during regional seismic surveys: a case study from the Exmouth Plateau, offshore NW Australia
      • Jan Okoń gave a poster presentation:
        • J. Okoń, J. Giżejewski & T. Janik
          A new insight on the first Polish multichannel seismic profiles in the Pacific Margin of Antarctic Peninsula, West Antarctica

    • Participation in Annual SEISCOPE Meeting 2016 Grenoble, France
      • Andrzej Górszczyk gave an oral presentation:
        • A. Górszczyk, M. Malinowski, S. Operto
          FWI of ultra-long offset OBN data from eastern Nankai (Japan): a practical worflow to mitigate cycle skipping

  • MarCH
    • Participation in seismic research in the Baltic Sea. Our OBS's successfully recorded energy along the 220km offshore profile and all ascent! More here: >>>CLICK<<<
    • Participation in the workshop EAGE/DGG Workshop on Deep Mineral Exploration - Chasing Both Land and Sea Deposits w Münster, Germany.


      • December

      • November
        • 16 - 20 November: Registration of seismic energy along 300 km long profile (Łeba-Kalisz) from detonation of three nautical mines of 580 kg TNT each (1740 kg total). Mines were fired simultaneously at a depth of 36 m near the Swedish coast (Arkö) and waves were recorded by 100 field stations.
      • September
        • 18 - 24 September: We conducted second marine training for operators and OBS tests in the Gulf of Gdansk using Oceanograph II ship. In this training, we conducted a series of test submerging and ascent cycles of our OBS stations. Tests were carried out on shallow (~ 10 m) and deep water (~ 50 m) under the control of the equipment manufacturer (GURALP), while maintaining a full experiment procedure, including acustic triangulation of station position on the seabed.

      • August
        • Tymon Skrzynik was employed as a Research Assistant in the Departament.
      • JULY

        • During July 21-24, we conducted our first operator marine training and ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) tests. Training could take place thanks to kindness and cooperation with the Institute of Oceanography of the University of Gdańsk. Using the ship "Oceanograf - 2" we conducted training and immersion tests of OBSs to a depth of about 11 m, in the Gulf of Gdańsk. We checked the procedure and the ascent mechanisms for all 6 OBSs. Attempts have been made successfully and have helped operators gain experience in handling these complex devices before professional measurements on deeper "wide" waters.
      • JUNE
        • On 30 June, there was a meeting connected with retirement after almost 20 years working in IGF PAS Ms. Ewa Mazurek. Ms. Ewa, working on the organizational side of our biggest ventures, has contributed to the success of the Department to a great extent. Once again, we wish you all dreams and plans to come true, we wish you good health and peace, and above all, thank you for your years of full of dedication and diligent work.

      • May
        • From the end of March to the first days of May 150 field stations owned by our Department was set up on approximately 320 km profile, from Gdynia to Sulęcin (Lubuskie), along with the P2 profile of the POLONAISE'97 project. The purpose of our measurements was to record the seismic energy generated in the Gulf of Gdansk during the neutralization of seabed mines from the Second World War (FILM) conducted by the Maritime Office and Polish Navy. In total, we received recordings of six explosions with loads ranging from 400 to 600 kg of hexanite. Moments of explosions were recorded directly at sea. The results of the experiment are a significant extension of the P2 profile to the north-east, where the last blast point was located several dozen kilometers from the Baltic coast. Good cooperation of our Department with Polish Navy will give us the opportunity for future cooperation, where at moderate cost we can gain high energies from controlled explosions.
      • MARCH
        • Monika Dec was granted PhD degree in Earth Sciences. Topic:
          "Differences in upper mantle structure based on P-wave seismic modelling for chosen tectonic units” 
        • Wojciech Gajek started his PhD studies in our Departament.
      • February
        • 4th - 20th February: seismic fieldwork was conducted nearby Niedzica, south of Lake Czorsztyn using 60 DATA CUBE recording seismic stations. The refraction experiment was realized along a 12-km 2D profile. The source of seismic energy were Vibroseis used for an independent reflection experiment commissioned by our Institute’s Department of Seimology and performed by Geofizyka Kraków. This work is a part of Grant no 112, directed by Mariusz Majdański. It is worth mentioning that we did a seismic experiment in harsh winter conditions. We had to face the challenges of burying the stations in deep snow, lower battery capacity and problems with the GPS signal under the snow layer.

      • January
        • Jacek Trojanowski was employed as a Research Assistant in the Departament.


      • OCTOBER
        • We participated in the 16th SEISMIX International Symposium in Castelldefels, in Spain. The following presentaions were given by our members:

          • Anna Adamczyk gave an oral and poster presentation:
            Adamczyk, A., Malinowski, M., Górszczyk, A.
            "Full-waveform Inversion of Conventional Vibroseis Data Using Preconditioning Focused on Low Frequency Enhancement"
          • Marta Cyz gave an oral presentation:
            Cyz, M., Malinowski, M., Mulińska, M., Krzywiec, P., Rostowski, T.
            "Application of high-resolution 2D-3C seismic for characterization of the Jurassic shale play in Central Poland"
            and poster presentation:
            Cyz, M., Górszczyk, A., Malinowski, M., Krzywiec, P., Rosowski, T., Mulińska, M.
            "Curvelet-based Gather Conditioning for Effective Depth Imaging of Legacy Seismic Data – Case Study from Central Poland"
          • Wojciech Czuba gave an oral presentation:
            Czuba, W.
            "3D Seismic tomographic modelling of the Northern Spitsbergen area"
          • Andrzej Górszczyk  gave an oral and poster presentation:
            Górszczyk, A., Malinowski, M., Adamczyk, A.
            "Curvelet denoising of 2D and 3D seismic data: practical considerations"
          • Tomasz Janik gave three poster presentations:
            Janik, T., Środa, P., Czuba, W., Lysynchuk, D., Kolomiyets, K.
            "Various approaches to forward and inverse wide-angle seismic modelling tested on data from DOBRE-4 experiment"
            Janik T. in behalf of GEORIFT 2013 Working Group
            "The GEORIFT 2013 wide-angle seismic profile, preliminary results"
            Starostenko, V., Janik, T., Yegorova, T., Farfuliak, L., Czuba, W., Środa, P., Sosson, M., Volfman, Y., Kolomiyets, K., Lysynchuk, D., Omelchenko, V., Gryn, D., Guterch, A., Komminaho, K., Legostaeva, O., Thybo, H., Tiira, T., Tolkunov, A.
            "Seismic structure along DOBRE-5 profile, from the north dobrogea orogen across the sw shelf of the black sea and Crimea Peninsula, Ukraine"
          • Michał Malinowski gave an oral presentation:
            Malinowski, M.
            "Initial results of the deep reflection seismic imaging in SE Poland using extended correlation method"
      • September
        • First tests of our Ocean Bottom Seismometers were performed in an open swimming pool in Warsaw. We have been testing the function of remote surfacing triggered by the acoustic signal from the operator. As can be seen in the movie:
          the tests were successful!
        • 10th to 20th September: we participated in field work near Braniewo in Warmia, using 60 DATA CUBE recording stations. The refraction experiment consisted of a 2D 20 km long profile. The Vibroseis used for an independent reflection experiment commissioned by PGNiG were used as a source of seismic energy. This work is a part of an Grant no 112, directed by Mariusz Majdański.

      Nie zdążyliśmy przed orką, która ukryła naszą aparaturę, mimo to udało się ją znaleźć!

      • august
        • 23th August to 2nd September we were participating in the seismic refraction field work along the RomSeis profile (275 km of the profile is in Ukraine and 400 km in Romania). Among 335 seismic recording stations constituting the profile, 150 were Polish. The seismic energy sources were 11 TNT explosions. The exact timing of the explosions were recorded using special devices constructed in our Departament. The experiment was a joint project in cooperation with the Institute of Geophysics of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and the Departament of Geophysics and Geology of the University of Buchrest..


      • November
        • 28th October to 15th November: field work was performed near Koło (Greater Poland) using 130 recording seismic station (Texans and Data CUBEs). The experiment was set in 3D and consisted of 6 intersecting profiles of total length of about 130 km. The Vibroseis used for an independent reflection experiment commissioned by Strzelecki Energia were used as a source of seismic energy. This work is a part of an Grant no 112, directed by Mariusz Majdański.

      • october 
        • Field work in Pomerania. We initiated a cooperation with the Maritime Office in Gdynia and the Polish Navy planning to record and use in our research the seismic energy from the detonation of the World War II misfires still lying the Bay of Gdańsk.
        • Maciej Trzeciak and Sebastian Białas started their PhD studies in our Departament.
        • Marta Cyz was employed as a Research Assistant in the Departament, in the Seismic Imaging Team.
        • We included 6 Ocean Bottom Seismometers (type  CMG-6TC OBS, produced by Güralp Systems Ltd), in our aparature base.

      • august
        • Field work on the refraction seismic profile GEORIFT 2013 was performed. The profile is 670 km long (310 km in Belarus and 360 km in Ukraine), consists of 14 shot points (7 locations both in Belarus and Ukraine, each shot is an explosion of approximately 600 to 1000 kg of TNT).  284 recording seismic stations were used in the experiment. 139 stations came from Warsaw: 89 Texan stations from the common Polish-Finnish-Austrian base and 50 new DATA Cube stations.

      • july
        • Mariusz Majdański initiated the Geophysical Research and Training Area on the grounds of the Observatory in Świder. It will be used to test new equipment and measurement and recording techniques from all the geophysical research fields. A 400 m profile is already marked. Seismic experiment along this profile was performed using DATA-CUBEs. Next experiments, repeated in the same shot and recording points will allow to compare and verify the quality of the results.
        • We included 50  DATA-CUBE, recording seismic stations produced by OMNIRECS, Germany in our aparature base.

      • May – june
        • Seismic experiment in Finland – the second part of the field work on the KOKKY profile in south Finland was conducted. Seismic energy generated by industrial activity in opencast mines and quarries was measured for about 45 days. 75 Texan seismic recording stations from the common Polish-Finnish-Austrian base were used.

      • April
        • 4th to 7th and 20th 25th April: workshops with our colleagues from the Institute of Geophysics of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences dedicated to publish the results from our joint experiments DOBRE-2, PANCAKE, DOBRE-4 and DOBRE-5. We were also planning future common experiments for the years 2013 and 2014.
      • MARCH